JOKTA ACADEMY HAS Coaching Institute
Jokta academy, the best coaching institute for HAS coaching in the Chandigarh sector 15-D, was started by keeping in mind the requirement of aspirants who appear in different stages i.e. Prelim, main and interview of HPAS, Allied services and Naib Tehsildar exams.
We provide details and comprehensive classroom study programme which include all modules of general studies, current event and special classes of Himachal general studies.
Himachal general study play an important role in all stages of these exam. It is our pleasure to inform all aspirants that we have written a book, “JOKTA ACADEMY HP. GK” which is helping students to get knowledge about the History, Culture, Economy and social political development of Himachal Pradesh, this book is assisted by annual compilation of Himachal Pradesh economic survey and budget.
Our academy provides regular class room test followed by discussion and constructive feed back to aspirants.
Our dedicated and experienced team is continuously working and doing research in order to make this academy ”The best coaching institute in Chandigarh” where students can easily learn about general studies, Himachal Pradesh general studies, current topics and time to time revised HPAS syllabus and exam pattern.
The Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission (HPPSC) conducts the state civil services examination for administrative posts in the state government of Himachal Pradesh and the aiding offices of the state administrative machinery. The Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission (HPPSC) invites applications for the HP Administrative Combined Competitive Examination every year.
HAS Eligibility Criteria
To be eligible for HAS, the candidate must be a citizen of India with minimum age of 21 years and maximum of 35 years. However, there is some relaxation for candidates belonging to categories other than General for HAS. Also, candidates familiar with the Himachal dialects, customs and traditions are preferred over those who aren’t.
HAS Exam Pattern
The HAS exam is conducted in 3 stages:
- Preliminary Exam,
- 2: Main Exam and
- 3: Viva-Voce.
Pattern for Preliminary Examination
Preliminary Examination has two papers of objective type (MCQs). The questions have Multiple Choice Answers on the following topics.
- Paper I: General Studies(have 100 questions and are of 200 marks each).
- Paper II: Aptitude Test.(have 100 questions and are of 200 marks) Paper II is Qualifying, requires 33% The candidates who qualify in the HAS Preliminary Exam can appear in the Main Exam. The candidates called for the Interview test after the HAS Main Exam will be done three times the total number of vacancies.
Preliminary Examination Exam Syllabus
HAS exam Paper -I
Includes subjects like General Studies History, Geography, Current Affairs of National and International Importance, Art & Culture, Socio-Economic Development of Himachal Pradesh, Environmental Issues relating to Bio Diversity and Climate Change, Indian Politics and Governance and General Science.
Includes subjects like Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability, Decision Making and Problem Solving, General Mental Ability, Interpersonal Skills, Basic Numeracy, Comprehension Based Questions, Data Sufficiency and Data Interpretation of Class 10th level.
Pattern of HPAS mains exam
The whole pattern of HPAS mains exam can be divided into compulsory and optional subjects.
- The subjects English and Hindi are of qualifying nature and have maximum scoring of 100 marks each.
- To qualify, candidate has to score minimum of 40% in the individual subject and to an aggregate of minimum 45% in the both subjects.
The maximum marks allotted for general studies are 150 and while maximum marks for essay writing are 100.
|Micro Level Syllabus Exam Pattern for HAS Summary of the pattern of HPAS (Main) Examination
|Paper-I English – 100 Marks
|Paper-II Hindi – 100 Marks
|Paper-III General Studies – I 200 Marks
|Paper-IV General Studies – II 200 Marks
|Paper-V General Studies –III 200 Marks
|Paper-VI Essay 100 Marks
|OPTIONAL PAPER Paper-VII
|Paper- I 100 Marks Paper-VIII
|Paper -II 100 Marks
GENERAL STUDIES PAPER NO. I Marks: 200
Historical perspective of Indian Cultural heritage:
- Literature and Art forms from ancient times to 1947 (Major structural and rock cut temple architecture, sculptural art and major schools of paintings).
- Modern Indian history from mid-18th century to 1980.
- Freedom Struggle: its various stages and the role of eminent personalities from different parts of India.
- Industrial Revolution and the emergence of Capitalism.
- Fascist Ideology and its global implications.
- World wars and boundary settlements after the First and the Second World Wars.
- Concept of Decolonization, Nationalism and Socialism, Globalization and concept of Modernity.
- Emergence and growth of early medieval states: Kangra, Kullu and Chamba. Hill States and their relations with the Mughals and the Sikhs.
- Gorkha invasion- its nature and consequences, Treaty of Segauli.
- Hill States under the Colonial power: Political and Administrative History. Grants, Sanads and territorial aggression.
- Social and Economic conditions under colonial period with special reference to social practices of Beth, Begar and Reet.
- Establishment of British Cantonments.
- National Movement with special reference to Praja Mandal movements in Himachal Pradesh, 1848-1948.
- Five Year Plans and vision for the developed Hill State.
- Survey of artistic and cultural Heritage (Temples, Budhist Monasteries and Paintings).
UNIT – II
- Introduction to Disasters: Concepts ,definitions ,disaster classifications including natural and man- made disasters .
- Social and Environmental impacts of disasters.
- Disaster profile of the country.
- Approaches to Disaster Risk Reductions.
- Disaster management models. Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders including community, Concept of first responders.
- Interrelationship of disaster and development.
- Disaster management in India including DM ACT 2005, National and state policies, Plans and institutional mechanism in the country.
- Geographical Introduction to India, India as a unit of Geographical Study.
- Aspects of the Physical Geography of India – Structure and Relief, Climate, Soils and Vegetation, Geomorphic set up (Mountain Ranges and Rivers and other Water Bodies).
- Human Aspects – Population distribution, Urban Population, Internal Migration, Language and Literacy, Villages and Towns in India.
- Settlements, Industry and Transport.
- Geography of Himachal Pradesh: Relief, Drainage, Vegetation cover and types.
- Climate and climatic zones in Himachal Pradesh.
- Geographical Regions of Himachal Pradesh (Shiwalik, Doons and Low Valleys, Outer Valleys of Sub Himalaya, Mid Hill Tracts of High Himalaya, High hills and Valleys and Inner Zones).
- Human Aspects: Quantitative, Qualitative and Temporal characteristics of Population, Urbanisation pattern.
- Policies: Forest, Industrial and Tourism Policies, Growth of Industrial areas and types of Industries in Himachal, Employment generation and potential, Scope of future Industrialization, Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Profile of Himachal Pradesh.
UNIT – III
- Salient features of Indian Society, Unity in Diversity.
- Social Institutions: Family, Marriage, Kinship, Religion and Social stratification in India.
- Women empowerment and social justice: Policies for women Empowerment in India, Laws for protection of women, women security and safety initiatives in India.
- Child Rights and Right to Education.
- Rights of differently-abled persons and quality of life for them.
- Core Values in public service/governance:
- Philosophical basis of public service/governance and Integrity, Professionalism, Accountability.
- Objectivity and Transparency, information sharing and right to information, codes of conduct, work culture, challenges of corruption and political pressures.
- Gandhian Thought: Truth and Non-violence, Satyagraha, Ends and Means, Religion and Politics.
- Society and Culture in Himachal Pradesh: Culture, customs, fairs and festivals, and religious beliefs and practices, recreation and amusement.
- Tribes of Himachal Pradesh: their historical, social, cultural, economic and legal aspects.
- Family, marriage, kinship, and caste system in Himachal Pradesh
GENERAL STUDIES PAPER NO II Marks: 200
- Constitution of India: Historical underpinning, evolution, salient features.
- Significant provisions including Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.
- Amending process and important Constitutional Amendments and theory of basic structure.
- Parliament and state legislatures, Structure, Organization and functioning of the Union and state Executive and the Judiciary.
- Functions and responsibilities of Union and states, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local level and challenges therein.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointments to various constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies in India.
- Reorganization and politics of statehood.
- Development of political parties, major Political parties and their support base and performance in the Assembly and Parliamentary elections in Himachal Pradesh.
- Politics of sub-regionalism and pressure groups in the state.
- Structure, organization and functioning of Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-Judicial bodies in Himachal Pradesh
- Institutional framework, Policies and Interventions for development in various sectors in India.
- Governance, Good governance, Citizen Charters, effective public service delivery, transparency, accountability and ethics in governance in India.
- District Administration: Changing role of Deputy Commissioner.
- Local self government in urban and rural areas in India.
- Role of Non Government Organizations (NGOs),
- Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Civil Society in Governance in India.
- Bodies constituted, Policies, Programmes & Schemes for welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes,
- Women, Minorities, Backward classes, Differently abled persons, and children in India.
- Issues relating to quality of life: livelihood, poverty, hunger, disease and social inclusiveness.
- Governance in Himachal Pradesh:
- The Himachal Pradesh Public Service Guarantee Act 2011;
- Right to Information Act 2005 and rules made thereunder by the Himachal Pradesh Govt.
- Administrative reforms for effective public service delivery in Himachal Pradesh.
- Implementation of 73rd & 74th Constitutional amendments in Himachal Pradesh:
- Issues and Challenges. Programmes and policies for the welfare of differently abled persons, women and children in Himachal Pradesh.
- Bilateral, Regional & Global groupings and agreements involving India and affecting India’s interests.
- India’s look east policy.
- India’s relations with U.S.A., Russia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, Maldives and Middle East Countries.
- Effects of the policies of developed and developing countries on India’s interest, Indian Diaspora.
- Important international Institutions, agencies and fora, their structure and mandate.
- Cyber crime and drug menace – mechanism to detect and control it in Himachal Pradesh.
- Enactments made by Himachal Pradesh Government to protect and promote the interests of agrarian society.
- Various policies framed by the Government of Himachal Pradesh for the socioeconomic development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of the state.
- Tribal welfare administration, Tribal sub plan and Single line administration in Himachal Pradesh.
GENERAL STUDIES PAPER NO. III Marks: 200
- Characteristics of Indian Economy:
- Demographic Profile, Demographic Dividend and Population Policy.
- Sectoral Composition with respect to contribution to GDP and Employment.
- Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment, Inflation in India.
- Industrial Growth in India.
- Regulatory framework for money and banking:
- RBI, Commercial banks & Regional Rural Banks.
- Monetary policy, Foreign exchange, Balance of Payment Scenario.
- Foreign Trade: Policy, Composition & Direction, Impact of Liberalization/Privatization & Globalization.
- Economic Planning in India.
- Five Year Plans: strategies and outcomes, Public/Private/Joint Sectors.
- Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act 2003, Debt and Investment in India: Current Status, Growth and Development experience including Natural Resource Management.
- Sustainable development and Inclusive growth.
- Measurement of economic development: PQLI, Millennium Development Goals, HDI/GDI/GEM.
- Latest/Current Development Schemes/Initiatives/Institutional Changes (e.g. Swach Bharat Mission, Make in India, Digital India, Skill India, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, MGNREGS, NITI Ayog etc).
- International Financial & Economic Organizations: IMF, WTO, IBRD, IDA, UNCTAD, OECD, BRICS.
- Economy of Himachal Pradesh:
- Demographic profile & Human resource, Sectoral distribution of GSDP.
- Diversification in Agriculture and allied activities, Land tenure and size of land holdings.
- Industrialization in the state. Skilled/Unskilled labour.
- Revenue generation with special reference to hydro potential, tourism, flora and fauna.
- Cottage and Small Scale Industries.
- Tax base, Pros and Cons of Special Category status. Appraisal of education, Health, Physical and Financial Infrastructure Development.
- Applications of space technology in natural resources, development and communications.
- Important missions and programmes of Department of Space and Indian Space Research Organization.
- Historical evolution of Indian Space programme. Lunar, interplanetary and Earth Observation Missions.
- Remote Sensing and Communication satellites. Applications of Remote sensing and GIS for natural resources monitoring and applications benefiting common man.
- Developments in energy sectors such as Hydro power, non conventional sources of energy and nuclear energy including policies, programmes and research base in the country.
- Concepts of non conventional, renewable, clean and environment friendly energy sources. Role of energy in sustainable development.
- Modern and emerging technologies and initiatives in the state of Himachal Pradesh Including biotechnology policy, research, vision, scope and applications for developing horticulture, medicinal and aromatic plants resources of the state.
- IT policy of Himachal Pradesh and its role in governance, concept of HIMSWAN, state plans of e-governance, concept of Lok Mitra Kendra and AGISAC.
- State Biodiversity strategy and Action Plan. Endangered and threatened species of Himachal Pradesh. Factors responsible for Bio diversity decline in Himachal Pradesh.
- Relevance and role of Intellectual Property Rights, Geographical Indications and Traditional wisdom and knowledge in sustainable development of the state.
- Issues ,concerns, policies, programmes, conventions, treaties and missions aimed at environment protection, and dealing with the problem of climate change.
- State of environment reports . Environment protection and pollution control Act and rules.
- Environment Impact Assessment.
- National Action plans on Climate Change.
- Himalayan ecology ,biosphere reserve, Science and economics of climate change .
- Social and ethical issues in use of Biotechnology.
- Latest developments in science and technology for harnessing agriculture, horticulture, medicinal and herbal resources in the country.
- National mission for sustainable agriculture, mission for integrated development of horticulture.
- Concept of organic farming, seed certification, rain water harvesting , techniques of irrigation and soil conservations and soil health cards.
- Tourism policy, potential and initiative in Himachal Pradesh.
- Types of tourism: religious, adventure, heritage, Important tourist destinations in Himachal Pradesh.
- Social, Economic and Cultural implications of Tourism.
- Concept of Eco-Tourism and green tourism and their role in sustainable development of the state.
- Environmental concerns of tourism industry, both positive and negative effects including climate change with reference to Himachal Pradesh.