Himachal Pradesh Economy


Some Important acts


H.P state electronics development corporation ltd was set up in 1984.

Bio technology Park, Nalagarh set up on 27 Oct 2010.

H.P khadi and village industries board set up on 8 Jan 1968.

Department of Labor and Employment 1972.

H.P financial corporation, 1951.

State council of science, Techno logy and environment, 1986.

Himachal Pradesh fisheries act, 1976.

H.P tourism Development Corporation, 1972.

H.P mineral and industrial development corporation, 1971.

H.P Agro Industries Corporation, 1970.

H.P state handloom & handicrafts board, 1974.

Himachal Pradesh tenancy rights and (Restoration) act 1952

Himachal Pradesh Abolition of Big landed Estates and Land Reforms act, 1953.

Himachal Pradesh (Transferred Territory) Tenants (Protection of Rights) act, 1968.

Himachal Pradesh tenancy and land reforms act 1972.

Himachal Pradesh Agriculture and Produce Marketing (Development & Regulation) Act, 2005

Himachal Pradesh village common land vesting and utilization act 1974 (to regularize shamlat land).

H.P state cooperative milk producers federation Ltd was set up in 1983.

National Dairy development Board, 1965

H.P Agro industries corporation ltd, 1970

H.P state civil supplies corporation ltd, 1980.

Himachal Pradesh ceiling on land holdings act, 1972.

Land settlement: Work was started in state in 1952 from chamba district. But it is yet to be completed in Hamirpur, Kullu and Una.(The process essentially establishes the revenue boundaries of village and towns, which in turn becomes a reference for private individuals to settle exact demarcation of their properties) .Lal Singhi village in Una located in outskirts bordering Punjab is still shown as part of Hoshiyarpur district of Punjab


Agriculture


Little over 10% of the total land area is cultivated in Himachal.

4 % small and marginal farmers who have less than 2 hectare of land. Out of which 68.3% have below 1 hectare and 18.9% have 1-2 hectare land holding.

Cultivation is carried out right from altitude 240 to 4250 m .

Agriculture Department : HQ Shimla

Ploughing is done at higher altitude with the help of Chungroo (cross between yak and cattle).

Himachal accounts for 7% of total area of country. In 2011 population was 0.57 of total population of India.

18 % of total cultivable area under assured irrigation.

Per capital income in 1950-51 current prices was Rs. 240.

Central statistical organization calculates GDP.

Agricultural Schemes:

Major Crops of Himachal

Maize

Wheat

Potato :

Ginger :

Tomato: Popular varities of Tomato are Solan lalima, Himsona 7711 and 2000 plus.

Brinjal: Varieties by CSKV (Chauhdary Sarwan kumar H P Krishi Vishvavidyalaya) Palampur

Cauliflower: Varities :Palam Uphar DNKL12

Mushroom

Kuth: cultivated in Lahaul Spiti, Kullu and Kinnaur.

Flax :


Fisheries in Himachal


Varieties of fish: Exotic Trout, Masheer, Snow Trout, Loaches, Indigenous Lesser Barilas, Mirror carps.

It was in 1909 Shri M.L. Hogel introduced trout breed in Himachal.

In 1912 on the bank of Beas Mahilee fish breeding farm, in 1947 on the bank of Sujanbal Patlee Kuhal farms were set up.

Fish farmer’s development agency, Una.

Trout fish farms in H.P

Carps fish farms in H.P


Sericulture


Silk was first discovered by Chines Empress Xi Ling Shi during 2640 C.

Bombyx mori is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm.

Type of silks in India: Mulberry, Tropical Tasar, Oak Tasar, Eri and Muga.

As the process of harvesting the silk from the cocoon kills the larvae, sericulture has been criticized by animal welfare and rights Activists .Mahatma Gandhi was critical of silk production based on the Ahimsa philosophy “not to hurt” any living thing. This led to Gandhi’s promotion of cotton spinning machines. He also promoted Ahimsa Silk made from the cocoons of wild and semi wild silk moths.

Kangra is leading in P in producing silk.

There are 9 silk yarn reeling units 3 each in kangra & Bilaspur. One each in Mandi, Una and Hamirpur.


Horticulture


At present the middle zone is (1200 – 2400m) most developed fruit zone of the state.

Nearly 70 % of fruit area and its production are found in this zone, in Mandi, Kullu, Lahaul Shimla, Solan, Sirmaur together contribute 82 % of orchards area and fruit production.

The minimum area under horticulture is in Lahaul Spiti.

Apple

Peach

Olive

Saffron

Almond

Varities : Dheber Badam, Telangi Selection, Riba Selection.

Pistachio

Kiwi


Kangra Tea


In 1850 tea plantation was started at kangra, Palampur, Baijnath, Bir and Sindhwar on experimental basis.

In 1852 superintendent of Botanical garden Jamson set up Delhi Tea Estate.Which was renamed Nishan Tea Estate. In 1866 major straut purchased Delhi Tea estate.

In 1866 kangra tea got gold medal in a tea auction function in London.

It was William Jameson, who had introduced the Chinese Green tea, had brought the seeding from the kumaun hills to Nagrota and Bhawarna first.

H.P Horticulture produces marketing and process corp. ltd. (HPMC) was set up in June 1974.