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Himachal Pradesh Topography

The Land of Himachal

Popularly known as the Devbhumi ¬– “Land of the Gods“, Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state in India, nestles in north-west region of western Himalayas. The state is landlocked with the Tibetan plateau to the east, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, and the Punjab to the west. However, the state stands apart from its neighbours in terms of its sheer topographic diversity and breathtaking pristine natural beauty. From vast tracts of high-altitude Trans-Himalayan desert to dense green deodar forests, from apple orchards to cultivated terraces, from snow capped high Himalayan mountain ranges to snow fed lakes and gushing rivers.

At a Glance


Latitude                                                     30° 22′ 40″ N to 33o 12′ 40″ N
Longitude                                                  75° 45′ 55″ E to 79° 04′ 20″ E
Height (From mean sea Level)             350 meter to 6975 meter
Population [2011-Census]                     68,56,509 persons
Urban                                                         10.03%
Rural                                                          89.97%
Geographical Area [2011]                      55,673 sq. Km
Density (per Sq. Km.) [2011]                123
Females per 1000 Males [2011]           974

Administrative Structure [2002]

State Capital                                            Shimla
No. of Districts                                       12
No. of Sub Divisions                              117
No. of Villages                                        20,690
No. of Towns                                          59
No. of Parliament Constituencies
Lok Sabha                                                4
Rajya Sabha                                             3
No.of Assembly Constituencies           68

Development Indicators

Per Capita Income [2012-13]            Rs. 82,611
Literacy [2011]                                     83.78 %
Male                                                       90.83 %
Female                                                   76.60 %
Total Villages Electrified                   100 %
No. of Hospitals                                  3,866
No. of Schools
Primary                                                10,484
Middle                                                  1,056
High/ Higher Secondary                  1,339
Universities                                         4

Land Use Pattern

Net Area Sown                                    6,680.76 Hects.


Average Rainfall                                 1,469 mm
State Animal                                       Snow Leopard
State Bird                                            Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus)
State Flower                                       Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum)
Language                                            Hindi and Local Dialects
Major Rivers                                      Sutlej, Beas, Yamuna, Ravi, Parbati, Chenab
Major Lakes                                       Renuka, Rewalsar, Kamru Nag Lake, Khajjiar, Dal, Dasaur, Brighu, Prashar, Mani Mahesh, Chandra Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Lam Dal, Sareolsar, Gobind Sagar, Nako.