The Hindu Editorial 10th Jan 2017
The ceasefire in Syria and Upcoming Peace talk in Astana.
Where does the Syrian conflict started from? Rebel Group under Al-Nasura and SFA (syrian freedom army) started movement to over through government of Bashar-Al-Ashed in 2011. IS (Islamic State) had already controlled part of Aleppo and Raqqa city.
The Free Syrian Army (Arabic: الجيش السوري الحر, al-Jaysh as-Sūrī al-Ḥurr, FSA) is a faction in the Syrian Civil War. It was founded on 29 July 2011 by officers of the Syrian Armed Forces who said their goal was to bring down the Assad government and was in late 2011 considered the main Syrian military defectors group
Rebels were suported by USA and Turkey because they both were in war against IS. Turkey wants to keep its borders along with Syria safe from Kurds and IS.
When Bashal-Al-Ashed realised that USA is going to use IS as bargaining card against his regime and USA and Turkey are directly supporting rebels then Ashad requested Russia and Iran to save his government from rebels.
War in Syria seems to be a proxy war between USA and Russia and at the same time Turkey was involved in order to save itself from IS and Kurds.
A proxy war is a conflict between two states or non-state actors where neither entity directly engages the other. While this can encompass a breadth of armed confrontation, its core definition hinges on two separate powers utilizing external strife to somehow attack the interests or territorial holdings of the other. This frequently involves both countries fighting their opponent’s allies, or assisting their allies in fighting their opponent.
Few months back USA and Russia had tried to brought truce but failed because of their noncooperative plan of action to stop war.
Now a days it has been conformed that Rebels has lost their control from Aleppo city.
Turkey has decided to have negotiation and truce with Russia. Peace Talks are to begin on January in Astana capital of Kazakhstan.
Although Peace talk is going to happen in Astana. It doesn’t mean that war is going to end because some extremist groups such as IS and Al-Qaeda backed Jabhat Fateh Al-Sham continue to hold territory.
Still in this region there is conflict between Saudi-Arabia led group Sunni and Shiha led group Iran.
Kurds are still active in Iraq where Kurd army Peshmarga and Syrian and Turkish Kurd are always aspire for their greater Kurdustan.